Passive Fire Protection Explained

Like its name, passive fire protection is a fire safety provision that is constantly ‘switched on’ and therefore doesn’t require being manually activated. The main design of Passive Fire Protection being to contain fires, or to slow them down from spreading.

Passive Fire Protection covers a wide spectrum of practices and products, all of which have the same purpose. This purpose being to actively contain the spread of a fire, ensuring adequate time is available for residents to safely evacuate the premises, or to prevent a fire from being generated in the first instance. These systems are intertwined in the very fabrics of a building with fire resistant doors serving as a prime example.

Passive Fire Protection doesn’t require any external stimuli, unlike active fire protection the materials are intended be fire resistant until the fire eventually gives way or extinguished. Many of these applications will be certified to resist fire for a specific period, whether this be 30 minutes to 4 hours. It worth noting that installations such as water pipes and electrical sockets can create openings in the walls and ceilings therefore compromising the fire resistance of the room. Therefore, it’s the job of Passive fire protection applications such as; Intumescent socked box inserts, and fire doors to eliminate this vulnerability.

Unlike active fire protection, Passive Fire Protection doesn’t often require regular testing or maintenance contracts. However, these systems can erode over time and any operational or plant maintenance may damage, or remove the fire protection altogether. Set procedures should be implemented ensuring both Active and Passive Fire Protection systems are sufficiently working, and any repairs are conducted accordingly.

Some approaches may be more beneficial compared to others, if you do have any doubts our team are one hand to answer and questions you may have.